James Larkin was born in England on January 21, 1876.James grew up in the slums of Liverpool and had access to minimal formal education. To support his low-income family, he did a lot of menial jobs eventually working for Liverpool docks as a foreman. After his experience as a casual worker, he joined the National Union of Dock Laborers and became a full-time trade unionist in 1905.The NUDL moved James to Dublin in 1907 as they felt his strike methods were not rational. Read more: Jim Larkin | Crunchbase
After moving to Dublin, he began the Transport and General workers union. His goal was to have all Irish workers under one umbrella association to cater for their welfare.
In 1908, he drafted the mandate of TGWU which was an eight-hour day work, employment for all, a pension of those aged over 60 years, arbitration courts, the right to vote for all adults and well development of all means of transport.
James Larkin and James Connolly began the Irish labor party and led many strikes. The most notable was the Dublin in 1913 which was known as the Dublin lockout strike which lasted seven months with more than 100,000 workers on strike, they won their rights to fair employment. Larkin used diplomatic method during his strikes as he knew the welfare of the firms where workers had jobs was important.
During World War 1, James was at the forefront to organize anti-war strikes in Dublin. He later traveled to the United States to raise funds to assist in the war against the British. In 1920 James suffered a setback and was convicted of anarchy and communism, he was jailed but later freed after three years and deported back to Ireland.
After deportation to Ireland, he began the Ireland workers union, and in 1924 he was recognized as a communist. Larkin had many supporters including Markovitz who on listening to James acknowledged and appreciate the strong will James had, Constance Markevicz described James as a tornado.
James Larkin despite all commitments in fighting for the rights of the ordinary worker he had a family, he was married in 1903 and had three sons. James is an example of resilience and devotion to the rights of others.